Today luminary persons collaborated with Samuel Taylor

Today
the word ‘romantic’ brings to mind concept of love and sentimentality, but the
term ‘Romanticism’ has a much broader meaning in substance. It covers a range
of progresses in art, literature, music and philosophy, from the late 18th to
the early 19th centuries. It is a kind of response against overpowering Enlightenment
ideas of the term. It can be seen as a response to changing political and
social conditions in one respect or another. In this research, the works of the
most important poets of the romantic poetry will be examined.

 

Wordsworth, one of the great luminary persons
collaborated with Samuel Taylor Coleridge in ‘Preface to Lyrical Ballads’ giving
the start of the Romantic period. He
is one of the Romantic poets who has tried to describe the abstruse
relationship of human beings with nature. It is clearly seen in the “Lines Written in Early Spring” written
by Wordworth. It is very unique Romantic poem with all the characteristics of
Romanticism. The poem praises Nature, and the contrasting of man and nature
suddenly becomes the centre of the poem. In this poem the speaker sits in the
middle of nature, and yet he can not hide his passion for dame nature with enthusiastic
thoughts.It is seen in the first quatrain that he uses visual and sensory elements
to evoke the atmosphere for readers. The sanctity of nature occurs
in the phrase ‘a thousand blended notes, with all the beauty it has. In the
second stanza, nature is personified with god like figure then the speaker
moves gingerly away from the concept of nature and diverges to the cruelty of
mankind. He does not refrain to put into words of his sorrow about this issue. The
speaker is completely thankful of the nature’s beauty. He lives a great
pleasure in that green bowers. It is possible to notice his loyalty to the
flowers. He finds serenity in every movements of the birds, “It seemed a thrill of pleasure”.
The speaker continues to give personifications throughout the poem. Even though
the nature gives him peace, he is taking all the cruelities of mankind
personally. He thinks that he’s responsible for man’s persecution. This may be
the reason why the poem is so pathetic. Consequently, Wordsworth tries to emphasize
the importance of nature and how beautiful things exist apart from the
persecution of mankind.

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            Another major poet of the Romantic period is John Keats. ‘Ode to a Nightingale’ is one of the
five great odes John Keats writed in 1819. Since he learns that he gets
tuberculosis, he goes into depression. ‘Ode to a Nightingale’ is a poem that
reveals the bittersweet psychology of Keats and the curiosity of what will
happen after death. Keats who is really confused, does not know how to deal
with these feelings. He uses his imagination to describe the world where he
wants to go. It can be even understood from the first few words “My heart aches” that this is not going
to be an cheery poem. The reason why the speaker feels so numb is the Nightingale’s
song. In the first stanza it is clearly seen that there is an allusion to river
Lethe. In Greek mythology, the Lethe is a river in the underworld, whose waters
will erase the memories of anyone who drinks them. Therefore, it is possible to
say that the speaker has something which he wants to forget in his life. So he
desires such a wine (a draught of
vintage) that makes him leave the world unseen. He realizes that nothing
lasts forever, particularly beauty and love. He actually wants to get rid of his
concerns and pains. In the fourth stanza, it is clearly seen that Keats
continues to use more allusions to mythology. He emphasises that he will follow
the nightingale by using his “viewless wings”. Then he describes the forest as
a place where even the moonlight does not light up. Since he can not see any
flowers and plants because of the darkness, he experiences the new world
through smelling, tasting and hearing. It is possible to say that “the violets” which fades fast
symbolises his life and pains. Even if the darkness makes him scared, he endeavors
to find bliss. In the sixth stanza, we encounter with thougths of Keats about
death. It is clear that he is not running away from death as long as it is peaceful.
He wants the nightingale to sing his requiem even if he can not hear. And than
he thinks how the nightingale’s voice is eternal and venerable for centuries.
In the last stanza, it is seen that the speaker comes to an end. As the nightingale flies away, he realizes that
his imagination is over. No matter how much he uses his imagination he is
facing up to realities in the end. 

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