The society has greatly influenced the way

The way that people of color have been treated in a white dominated society has greatly influenced the way in which they treat each other. These interactions between minority groups has pushed for a movements to improve their relationships with each other and how they are treated by the white dominated society. In the first chapter of “The Possessive Investment in Whiteness”, George Lipsitz argues that a conscious effort was taken by society to disseminate cultural stories and create social constructs that pushed for a possessive investment in whiteness. Lipsitz discusses the ways society has not only stigmatized “nonwhite” groups but also exploited them. By associating whites with freedom and Blacks with slavery, settlers institutionalized this mindset of those of color being inferior to whites. This can be seen in modern times, especially when minorities have been exploited. Two prime examples that Lipsitz presented were the FHA loans and the construction of highways through minority neighborhoods. The oppression that people of color have faced from the white community has also affected how communities of color interact with each other. Similar to the arguments that Lipsitz presents, Tomás Almaguer argues that because of Latinos are treated because of their race and ethnicity in the United States, they are increasingly racializing each other. The possessive investment in whiteness in the United States has pushed minorities to wanting to reach a likeness to whites which in turn has also pitted minorities against each other. People of Hispanic origin are labeling each other and racializing them based on their ancestry deeming that part of their culture to be inferior to themselves. Like Almaguer,  in Comparative Indigeneities, the negative side of white society’s rules have put indigenous communities at risk of being washed out. Indigenous people’s   America’s racial hierarchy adds to this because in the end, people of color don’t want to be associated with their past whether it was indigenous or African. The ideals that white communities have imposed on communities of color has greatly influenced how they interact with each other and which tier of the social hierarchy they see themselves as. Lipsitz perspective is also present in “Queer Aztlan” by. In this reading, the author argues the need for a new kind of Chicano community, one that is more accepting and understanding. The norms that white society has deemed socially acceptable has added to the norms of the Chicano community, especially during this time, society was not open to the LGBTQ community. Similarly, the author of “On Trans* [email protected]”, calls for action to further study joteria, the LGBTQ community within the [email protected] community. With many Latin American countries already excluding and shaming LGBTQ, the pressure only increased in the American society. In an effort to fight these ideologies, social activist groups have increased in numbers as concern for oppressed groups grows. These groups such as Feminists and anti racists have begun work against sexism and racism, respectively. These groups however fail to understand the intersectionality that women of color face because of social structures that white society has created to oppress women and those of color. “revolve less around the political agendas of separate race- and gender- sensitive groups, and more around the social and cultural devaluation of women of color.”

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