Switzerland per day, excreta disposal of 1

Switzerland believes that in a world with over twenty three million refugees, health concerns among those refugees should be placed at high importance. With one third of said refugees coming from Syria and nearby nations, many lack access to health services and financial protection for health, placing them at a high risk of obtaining disease. This will not only affect the refugee community, but also the members of the host nation where they reside. Thus, Switzerland proposes solutions to the following problems. Malnutrition and mortality are problems constantly looming over the heads of refugees on a daily basis. In recent years, more and more malnutrition deficiency diseases are reported in refugee populations that are dependent on food aid from others. In addition, a major cause of mortality in refugees is due in large part to malnutrition. By fixing the problem of malnutrition, the death rate will exponentially decrease, allowing refugees to concentrate on more important tasks at hand, like being integrated into a new society and starting a new life. Switzerland suggests adopting a multi- sectoral approach to combat these issues. This approach would involve refugees in planning and implementation of procedures. Allowing the refugees to be active participants in this process will give them a more positive outlook, potentially igniting the change they need. Most importantly, this approach would aim to institute a health and nutrition information system. A system like this has been created by the UNHCR in collaboration with its partners. The system created the following basic standards: a minimum of 7 litres of water per person per day, a daily caloric requirement of 2100 kcals per person per day, excreta disposal of 1 latrine per 20 people, and shelter of 3.5 square meters per person. Switzerland believes that aiming to reach these numbers will drastically benefit the refugee populations. It is also believed that in response to mortality, low cost interventions are the way to go. Vitamin A supplementations cost only $0.02 cents for each capsule and given 2-3 times a year will prevent against blindness and death. Vitamin A supplementation saved an estimated 2.3 million lives between 2009- 2014. The Bill and Melinda Gates foundation has previously funded these supplementations, so Switzerland proposes they remain as the main funders. Unfortunately, at risk populations, such as women and children, are at a much greater disadvantage when it comes to refugee health. Children are some of the most immunocompromised in the refugee population because they have not developed a resistance to certain viruses that their older counterparts have. To combat this, Switzerland suggests the vaccination of children to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. Vaccinations are an effective method of keeping children healthy. Not only do vaccines save lives in huge numbers, they’re also cost effective, relatively easy to administer, and in most cases, provide lifelong protection. The WHO, UNICEF, and UNHCR have provided European countries with guidance outlining general principals on the vaccination of refugees. Additionally, the WHO is also continuing to work with UNICEF and other partners to administer vaccinations to everyone who needs them. Unlike children, women face a much different set of problems. Women must deal with stigmas surrounding reproductive health. To help overcome these stigmas, Switzerland urges the implementation of the Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP), which has been designed by the UN inter agency working group on reproductive health to assist female refugees. According to the UN, MISP is a “series of crucial actions required to respond to reproductive health needs at the onset of every humanitarian crisis.” It includes a plan for sexual and reproductive healthcare, essentially laying out the needs the UN must fulfill, as well as the broad strategies it might use to achieve that objective. Donors, governments, and aid agencies must go beyond the provision of services such as healthcare, and urgently invest in the difficult task of tackling attitudes and perceptions if the fight against sexual violence is to be won. Mental health diseases are commonly overlooked by public health officials, but mental health can affect refugees no matter their age, gender, or any other demographic feature. Despite the need for psychiatric services, the WHO has estimated that less than 5% of refugees in need of such services receive them. With this being said, Switzerland believes the WHO can support the mental health of refugees by training laypeople to work as mental health staff, retraining professionals in new techniques specific to refugees, emphasizing lifestyle changes as a means of psychiatric care, and urging immediate treatment of psychological issues. By training people without experience in psychological care to work as mental health staff has been proven effective. These people would be useful in border regions because the refugees there typically witness more violence and are less able to integrate into the society of their host country. Immediate psychological care is critical to long term mental health because leaving the illness untreated will only exacerbate the issue, causing more problems down the line. By retraining mental health professionals, they will be more effective because they can use both their prior experience and their new training to best execute innovative techniques tailored specifically to refugees. Lifestyle changes are also imperative to the mental health of refugees because by switching up the pace of life, days seem to go by quicker. Women are especially in need of lifestyle changes since the country they are fleeing from usually does not permit them to partake in such activities. Switzerland recommends teaching women basic labor skills like cooking, sewing, and other skills that would allow them to join the workforce because women are now the heads of 25% of refugee households. By teaching women these skills, not only will they be caring for their their families at the refugee camps, but they will also assimilate into their host country’s society more seamlessly. Another issue refugees must battle is the harsh climate of their surroundings. Depending on where the camp is located, frostbite is a looming concern. A total of 11.6 million people are affected in Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq, and Egypt. In response to this, Switzerland contributed $30 million to people affected by the syrian crisis in 2014. Manuel Bessler, ambassador of the Federal Council’s Delegate for Humanitarian Aid said “It is a priority for Switzerland to counter the catastrophic consequences this crisis is having on Syria and the region.”Switzerland believes that by addressing the problems above with the provided solutions, refugees will be closer to combatting health concerns, freeing them to live the life they are fighting for.