Sports risk is probably a socially
acceptable activity that is so satisfying (Patrick R.Young, 2010; Cazenave, Le
Scanff, & Woodman, 2007). In the Current era, risks sports such as
paragliding and bungee jumping, have increased in participation and quality (Patrick
R.Young, 2010; Cazenave, Le Scanff & Woodman, 2007; Celsi, Rose, &
Leigh, 1993; Ewert, 1994; Llewellyn & Sanchez, 2008; Llewellyn, Sanchez,
Asghar, & Jones, 2008; Pain & Pain, 2005; Pederson, 1997). Because of
the increases in participation in these activities has result in an acknowledgement
of risk sport inside the world of sport.
Literature about sports risk has been a major target on feeling and
stimulation causing part of the activity (e.g., sky diving, and scuba diving). (Patrick R.Young,
2010; Heyman & Rose, 1980; Hymbaugh & Garrett, 1974; Straub, 1982).
Recently, there has been
a shift inside the literature towards examining the psychological feature
aspects of risk sport behavior (e.g, surfing, gliding snowboarding, downhill
skiing etc.) (Patrick R.Young, 2010; Chirivella & Martinez, 1994; Cogan
& Brown, 1991; Kerr & Svebak, 1989). As such, the aim of the current
study is to look at some characteristics of risk sport participants, and also
the factors that will influence their motivation to participate.
discussing this space, one ought to elaborate on the essence and nature of risk
sport. Athletic activities that cause the continued risk of significant
physical injury or death are mentioned as a risk sport. (Patrick R.Young, 2010; Cogan & Brown,
1999; Kerr, 1991).
is an actual risk, in terms of injuries and fatalities, to risk sport
participants. According to Creyer, Ross, and Evers (2003), the quantity of
hospital emergency room visits for people wounded taking part in risk sports
and activities is about hundred thousand each year. Though Creyer et al.,
failed to specify whether or not these figures were in regards to participants
within the US or abroad, it does illustrate the degree of physical risk that
accompanies these endeavours. Many risk sports (e.g., mountaineering,
ultra-light airplane flying, scuba diving, hand gliding, and skydiving) have
fatality rates more than that of American soccer, that is commonly informally
brought up together of the foremost dangerous sports (Patrick R.Yong, 2010;
Celsi et al., 1993).
The motivational orientation of risk sport participants has continuously
been examined. In particular, Reversal Theory (RT) (Patrick R.Young, 2010; Apter,
1982) has been related to participants of risk sports (Patrick R.Young, 2010; Kerr
& Svebak, 1989). Risk sport participants tend to be playful and
indifferent, associate degreed show an interest in arousal causation activities
(Patrick R.Young, 2010; Cogan & Brown, 1999; Sit & Lindner, 2005).
These characteristics area unit reflective of reversal theory’s paratelic
motivational state dominance, and will influence associate degree individual’s
call to orient to risky or arousal inducement sports (Patrick R.Young, 2010; Cogan
& Brown, 1999; Kerr, 1991).
The most asking question, how
dangerous is there when doing mountain climbing? From the British
Mountaineering Council (BMC) said that they recognises mountain climbing and
other related risk activity that related to mountain climbing are an activity
that can give danger and injuries or death to the participants. So the BMC
reminded the participants to be careful and always be fully aware to accept the
risks and be responsible for their own action.
An important question regarding risk sport participation however lies
within the decision-making method of those who taking part in these sports and
activities is beyond the physical dangers and sensations, a participant’s
elevated degree of self-efficacy, a paratelic motivational state dominance and
also the need to manage one’s emotions associated with sport participation?
More investigation of risk sport participants could reveal extra factors that
influence participation in high risk sports.