Reaffirming doing so by the method of

 

Reaffirming the UN Open Working Group’s (OWG) proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDG),

 

Recalling target C of Goal 7 (Ensure environmental sustainability) of the Millennium Development Goals,

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Recognizing the substantial improvements of the labour industry in Bangladesh and the EU by using a ‘sustainability compact’,

 

Aware of the constant efforts put in by the World Health Organization(WHO) in this aspect,

 

Noting that the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation entitles everyone, without discrimination, to have physical and affordable access to sanitation, in all spheres of life, that is safe, hygienic, secure, and that provides privacy and ensures dignity,

 

Recognizing sanitation as the maintenance of hygienic conditions, as defined by the WHO,  

 

Encourages member nations to consider the sanitation problem in all its aspects, including but not limited to hygiene promotion and the provision of basic sanitation services,

 

1.     Endorses member nations and all other stakeholders such as Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and other non-state actors to integrate communities in the improvement and maintenance of current sanitation facilities and maintain real-time monitoring to help improve sustainability of these services and suggests doing so by the method of a ‘sustainability compact’:

 

a)     This sustainability compact will consist of willing stakeholders as mentioned above and will list out responsibilities and obligations for improvement in sanitation and hygiene services,

b)    It will monitor progress by submitting sustainability audits and will be under the purview of the WHO;

 

2.     Further endorses member nations to increase technical assistance to LEDCs by facilitating training and adult learning programmes for staff in charge of sanitation and hygiene networks, while encouraging the dissemination of best practices for proper waste disposal, especially where these treatments are deficient or not available;

 

3.     Urges member nations to promote partnerships, with external organizations, stakeholders and Water and Health Sanitation (WASH) programs such as those by the UNICEF, to gather and evaluate the best practices and experiences in increasing access to sanitation and personal and domestic hygiene, in particular for the poorest populations in the rural sectors;

 

 

 

 

4.     Calls upon member nations to improve availability of sanitation in LEDCs by measures including but not limited to:

 

a)     To identify patterns and causes of failure, and encouraging budgeting in a broader context enveloping holistic planning involving provision of services by donors and NGOs,

b)    Working toward introducing WASH facilities and practices in schools, by having hygiene promotion programs and encouraging both parents and children themselves of the benefits of positive hygiene practices and the development of market-based solutions for menstrual hygiene for girls,

c)     Improving the access of water by prioritizing rural sectors, as it is integral for effective and hygienic disposal of waste,

d)    Access to private safely managed sanitation services, including but not limited to flush toilets and sewer systems, where waste is treated off-site,

e)     Encouraging the method of Result-based Financing in LEDCs to reduce leakages in funds and delays in the distribution of given funds,

f)     Increasing employment in the sanitation and health sector, and its undertaken programs, in order to minimize the lack of information of the government as a whole,

g)     Subsidies for the building and maintenance of services such as but not limited to public toilets and internal sewage systems,

h)    Form community-led initiatives and civil societies and use the ‘sanitation ladder’ as proposed by the WHO to recognize the needs of that community to ensure efficient use of resources, and also encourages governments to use the WHO and World Bank developed WASH Bottleneck Analysis, to identify, sequence and prioritize problems at a local, regional or national level;

 

5.     Strongly urges member nations to, furthermore, promote leadership of women and their effective participation in decision-making of sanitation management and encourages a gender-based approach to implementation and/or improvements in sanitation measures, by measures such as:

a)     Electoral quotas for women in the local decision making bodies either through legislation, constitutional action, voluntary action by political parties or external volunteers or some combination of these,

b)     Raising awareness to encourage women to lead and for their importance in these aspects to provide a better and a unique approach to implementing solutions within the community;

 

6.     Calls upon non-state actors, such as business enterprises, international and others, to actively engage with member nations to detect and improve upon problems related to the lack of the human right of sanitation, by measures including but not limited to:

a)     Adopting and implementing initiatives such as the WASH4WORK campaign to mobilize the accessibility of WASH facilities for workers, their community, and consequently, across the supply chain,

b)     Applying their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in order to ensure the smooth transition for the locals and legislation to implemented WASH facilities,

c)     Incentivising small-scale providers as they can micro-manage the implementation effectively due to their ability to reach out to the local population;

 

9.     Urges governments to focus research and development in more cost-effective technologies, by focusing primarily on:

 

a)     Research into disposal methods that have a simple infrastructure and effective prevention of chemical contamination which can be implemented in rural areas, suggesting the use of centralized systems, 

b)    Flexibility of the aforementioned disposal methods to the harsh conditions and deficits (such as water shortages or power cuts) of amenities in the poorest populations of LEDCs,

c)   Improving road network for the effective transportation of water to remote and rural areas, by either legislation or by promoting partnerships and volunteering as stated in aforementioned clauses,

d)   Research into monitoring systems that can provide an in-depth analysis of the progress of all implemented WASH programs accurately,

e)   Diversification of the service provision such that upgrading to move up the technological ladder is not difficult and offers financial stability to the legislative bodies in LEDCs,

       f)  Provide tax exemptions or reductions, subsidies and other economic instruments to       encourage the local production of WASH facilities,

 

 

 

 

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Facilitate and mention incentives for LEDCs to treat trash and all

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