Principles of Hauora
Whanau perceives the
importance of function and role of family in giving support, balance and
environment which is conductive for great wellbeing. Whanau does not only
include family but all the relationships of a person irrespective of life and
death. Whanau plays the principal role in giving identity, strength, and
support to an individual. Children who are a not part of whanau can miss out
the careful look after by a wider family. So powering and conserving family
relationship is a vital part of Maori health.
When a baby is born to
Maori people, it is a custom to bury the placenta of the new born in a
pre-decided place, to return it to land. Generally the whenua is buried in
place which has ancestral ties, and is considered as a physical and spiritual
link to place of birth. The mother earth nourishes, provides distinction and
support to her people and assists them. Maori`s believe that from earth
people come and to earth they return.
are of a belief that body and everything connected with it is tapu(sacred).Maori consider head as sacred
and they do not pat on head , when this happens it is perceived as unhealthy.
Good physical health is important as it helps to a person to respond to
normal everyday activities. When a person is suffering from physical health
issues it can also prompt extended stress, loosing punch for life or diminish
the good feelings. Staying fit helps the mental health to flourish.
is recognized to be the most basic necessity for wellbeing. Sense of
belonging and ability to have faith in a higher power all contribute to a
strong Wairau. Health is related to unseen and unspoken energies. Maori
people in everyday life acknowledge and respect the presence of ancestors by
the observance of certain practices and procedures. A conventional M?ori
investigation of physical signs of sickness will concentrate on the Wairau or
soul, to decide if harm here could be a contributing variable. From Maori
perspective a lack of spirituality can effectively lead to lack of wellbeing.
Thoughts, feelings and
behaviour are key to wellbeing.. Mental health and emotional health are often
what others notice first when things aren’t going so well in a person`s life.
Solid intuition for a Maori individual is about relations. The person whose
initially thought is tied in with putting themselves, their own desire and
their needs in the first place, without perceiving the effect that it might
have on others is viewed as unhealthy. Correspondence through feelings is
essential and more significant than the trading of words and is esteemed the
same amount of, for instance, if Maori demonstrate what they feel, rather
than discussing their emotions, this is viewed as sound.
1.1 Key Concepts of Hauora
Principles of Hauora
Whakapapa gives the
answer to two important questions “Who am I?” “From whom do I come?
“Whakapapa means genealogy. It acts as an acknowledgement of where one comes
from .History, heritage whakapapa includes all. Whakapapa has important place
in Maori knowledge. It not only include human ancestries but it also traces
Maori connection to mother earth and creation of the universe. Whakapapa also
implies deep connection with land and environment. A health practitioner always looks for whakapapa of patient when examining for cancer, obesity and
heart disease as these illness are generally hereditary. Therefore Whakapapa
binds all things together.
means guardianship, protection or check over personal health. It is a method
for dealing with nature, in view of the M?ori world view. Kaitiakitanga is
defined in law `the exercise of guardianship by the tangata whenua of an area
in accordance with tikanga M?ori in relation to natural and physical
resources, and include the ethic of stewardship (section 2 RMA) s`. Maori
believe that humans and nature are deeply linked and people are not superior
to nature but a part of it. A kaitiaki is a guardian. It is a role given by
tribe members to any one of them.
refers to family ties and extended relations of an individual. It also
extends to others with whom one shares common experience or close friendship
.Whanaungatanaga extends the belief that more relationship a person has
healthier and happier one is. Generally people who have common purpose come
together and this enables them to have a synergy which enables them to have a
greater outcome than they would have if the task would have been done in
isolation. It helps one to recognise where they belong and provide help
guidance, direction and support when needed. Lack of engagement with a
service and Maori client and whanau can be traced as lack of trust and
connection between health professional and client.
Refers to the “care
for a person’s mana”. Manakitanga acknowledges a person inherent dignity and
how they treat others. The responsibility of taking care and protecting other
people and to be aware about cultural differences .It is often claimed that
it is not what is said but how people are looked after. Manakitanga also
includes the respect given to elders. Manakitanga plays a important role in
health care as it allows people to have affection towards each other and
helps to build trust among themselves.
between principles and Key concept
Importance of family
and all other relationship irrespective of living or dead.
of an individual.it expands the belief that more relations a person has
joyful he is.
Guidance, support and
direction to people linked through whakapapa.
family functions. Knowing family ties and engaging more in whanau activities.
2.Whenua-Connection of Maori with land.
Physical and spiritual link to earth.
Kaitiakitanga-it means guardianship, protection of
natural resources.it extends the belief that humans are not superior to
about culture and traditions.
Teaching children the
importance and protection of earth.
Increase awareness of
various techniques to look after land.
physical and mental well-being.
A mother looks after
Kaitiakitanga-Refers to guardianships and
protection of one another ad nature.
of child in family and looking after them.
Taking care of
seen in relation to spirts and unspoken energies.
Whakapapa-Connects individual to heritage,
culture and ancestors irrespective of living or dead.
Introduction to family
history and basic spirituality.
and paying homage to them.
health in accordance to thoughts and feelings of a person.
Manakitanga-How a person treats others. It is
often claimed that it is not what is said but how people are looked after
Teaching children to
think positively and to be aware of the results their actions could cause to
Continue to absorb
positive vibes around. Learning through good examples of others.