People pain, called crises, are another symptom

People often wonder what is Sickle Cell Anemia? Sickle Cell Anemia is a form of anemia that is inherited, it occurs when red blood cells form a crescent or sickle shape because of low oxygen levels. Sickle Cell Anemia is abnormal hemoglobin. According to A Brief History of Sickle Cell Disease Sickle Cell Disease was first “discovered” in 1910 by Dr. Ernest Irons. Walter Clements Noel was the first man diagnosed with Sickle Cell. Mr. Noel went to Dr. James B. Herrick after he experienced pain and as well as symptoms of anemia. Dr. Herrick’s expertise was in cardiology, therefore he was not interested in this case, so he assigned the case to Dr. Ernest Irons. When Dr. Irons examined Noel’s blood, and he found that the red blood cells had the shape of a sickle. Once Herrick found out about this, he became interested, because he thought that it might be a new disease. He published paper in one of the medical journals where he used the term “sickle shaped cells of oxygen, but these people did not have disease. This condition To fully understand Sickle Cell you must know the types, but the reason there are many types is that of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. Hemoglobin usually has for types of chains, two alpha chains and two beta chains. The four main types of sickle cell have the hemoglobin S milder form of sickle cell. Those types are Hemoglobin SD, hemoglobin SE, and hemoglobin SO. Team, The Healthline Editorial. “Sickle Cell Anemia.” Healthline, Healthline Media, 29 Mar. 2017, Sickle Cell Anemia is a hereditary disease. In order for someone to have sickle cell anemia, both of their parents must have either sickle cell anemia (two sickle cell genes) or sickle cell trait (one sickle cell gene). U “American Society of Hematology.” Sickle Cell Anemia, 16 Dec. 2014, Sickle Cell is a disease and like all other diseases it has symptoms. There are many symptoms of Sickle Cell. Sickle Cell symptoms can be different from person to person. One symptom is anemia, anemia in Sickle Cell makes sickle cells break apart easily and die this leaves that person without enough red blood cells. Red blood cells usually live for about 120 days before they need to it body can’t get the oxygen causes fatigue. “Sickle cell anemia.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 29 Dec. 2016, Accessed 2 Oct. 2017. Periodic episodes of pain, called crises, are another symptom of sickle cell anemia. This happens when sickle-shaped red blood cells block blood flow through tiny blood vessels, pain can occur in bones a dozen or more crises a year. If a crisis is severe enough, that person might need to lead to vision problems. Some other symptoms are painful swelling of hands and feet, frequent infections, delayed growth, and vision problems. Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 29 Dec. 2016,The main risk factor for sickle cell is if two people with the recessive trait have children there is a 25% chance that their children will get the disease. Additionally, one person out of every 13 African Americans carry the sickle cell trait and one out 365 African Americans have the disease. There are approximately 100,000 Americans suffering from this disease, but the good news is that there is hope for a cure, because approximately $90 million dollars States.Along with the symptoms there many effects. Some effect your health while other affect you financially. On average people with Sickle Cell pay $11,702 and that’s only if they have Medicaid. If they do not have Medicaid they pay $14,772 on average. One nonfinancial effect is Acute Chest Syndrome this effect can be threatening to that person’s life. It has some of the same symptoms of pneumonia. Chest pain, coughing, difficulty breathing, and fever are some signs that someone with Sickle Cell has Acute Chest Syndrome. Splenic Sequestration this happens when common for 10 through 50 years old. Different things can cause this ulcer. Trauma, infection, inflammation, and interruption of the circulation in the smallest blood vessels of the leg. “Sickle Cell Disease (SCD).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 July 2017, There are months to when they are five years old take penicillin to avoid infection. In conclusion Sickle Cell affects 8% of the entire population of the United States. The two most common types are hemoglobin SS and SC. Sickle Cell is a hereditary blood Cell some effect your health while other affect you financially. There are


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