Many cut by $2.6 billion (Davenport, Carol.

Many people enjoy spending their highly valued free time with family and friends in the great outdoors. People enjoy the fresh air, and being active with their friends in a beautiful environment. Unfortunately, many people take the organization that ensures the United State’s natural beauty for granted. The Environmental Protection Agency is an incredibly important and undervalued government run organization. Without the Environmental Protection Agency, United States citizens would not have all of the recreational opportunities they do today. Not only does the Environmental Protection Agency provide recreation, they also ensure that the air and water essential for human life aren’t contaminated by harmful pollutants. Despite this organizations importance to the wellbeing of the American citizen, it was proposed in 2017 by President Donald Trump that the Environmental Protection Agency’s funding would be cut by $2.6 billion (Davenport, Carol. Thrush, Glen, 2017.)  Therefore, it’s time for the United States to recognize the accomplishments, and restore funding of the Environmental Protection Agency, to ensure that this agency can still protect American citizens. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was founded December 2nd,1970, with the goal to bring together research, environmental monitoring, and enforcement of environmentally sound practices to ensure protection of the environment in the United States into one organization. Their goal then and today is to have a cleaner and healthier environment for the people of the United States and future generations (EPA History, 2017). Since its formation, the EPA has made great strides in ensuring that the United States environment is clean, safe, and livable for the citizens of the United States. The Environmental Protection Agency states that Silent Spring written by Rachel Carson started the “green power movement” for environmental protection and advocation. The EPA gives Rachel Carson recognition for bringing attention to this movement when her book was published in 1962. Silent Spring brought large amounts of awareness to the need for environmental protection because Carson not only talked about statistics, she talked about a lack of beauty as pesticides began to kill birds making forests “silent”. Carson not only warned people of the physical issues that were to be encountered if humans didn’t protect the environment, but reminded people of it’s beauty, and gave people a personal need to protect and defend natural beauty (EPA History, 2017). Once the Environmental Protection Agency was founded, they quickly got to work on their mission: keep the environment clean, safe, and healthy for people to live in. On December 30, 1970, the Clean Air Act was passed (“Overview of the Clean Air Act and Air Pollution,” 2017). This act was groundbreaking as it was the first significant act that the EPA had participation in creating. The Clean Air Act is also one of the most important acts that is still currently relevant and strongly followed. The Clean Air Act sets regulations for factories and automobile companies to reduce harmful, polluting emissions that cause health problems. Since the Clean Air Act was passed, concentrations of air pollutants improved 85 percent for lead, 84 percent for carbon monoxide, 67 percent for sulfur dioxide, 60 percent for nitrogen dioxide, and 3 percent for ozone. Later, in 1973 the EPA began requiring extensive testing on automobiles to ensure emissions were within certain standards both at the time of manufacture and when the vehicle had 50,000 miles. In 1973 the EPA also began to regulate the amount of lead found in gasoline, reducing harmful emissions. In 1977 President Jimmy Carter signed the Clean Air Act Amendments which introduced technology to reduce air pollution from coal power plants (EPA History Timeline, 2017). Since then, the EPA has had the ability to monitor and regulate pollutants and emissions as well as research the effect they have on health. For example, recently in 2010 the EPA published their research concluding that greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO?) pose a threat to human health, and were added to Clean Air Act as an emission that needs to be restricted. Without this act being advocated for by the EPA it’s incredibly likely that this country would be suffering  poor air quality and facing major health problems because of it. Other massive accomplishments brought about by the Environmental Protection Agency include the Great Lakes Water Agreement in 1972, which helped clean and preserve the United States and Canada’s largest source of fresh drinking water (“Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA)”, 2017). In 1972 the EPA banned the use of DDT, a widely used pesticide found harmful to humans and animals as well as began requiring extensive research and review on the use of new pesticides (“EPA History: DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethane)”, 2016). In 1975 the EPA banned the use of “heptachlor” and “chlordane”, both of which were cancer causing pesticides. After extensive research it was found that 75% of the dairy and meat products consumed by humans contained traces of these chemicals, and that nearly United States citizen had residue of the cancer causing chemicals in their body (EPA History, 2017). In 1980 and 1982 the EPA advocated for laws which required the responsible disposal of toxic waste, nuclear and otherwise, ensuring that toxic waste would pose less of a threat to human life and wellbeing (“Summary of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act”, 2017). In 1982 it also became mandatory for schools across the United States to check for and properly remove asbestos, a human cancer-causing carcinogen (“Asbestos and School Buildings”, 2016). The EPA has made a huge impact on American life, health, and safety in the past decades. More recently, the Environmental Protection Agency has continued to use their agency to keep the environment safe for the American population. After the deadly Deepwater Horizon (BP) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the largest oil spill in American history, the EPA joined other federal agencies in the emergency response, environmental data collection and analysis, and quick clean up of the surrounding waters. The EPA was able to begin to prevent pollution of the coastlines and protect animals and habitats that could have been affected by the toxins in the oil and petroleum. After this oil spill the EPA advocated for the RESTORE act, which works towards long term cleaning of the Gulf of Mexico and restoration and rehabilitation of natural habitats, as well as the ensuring that homes on the coast are safe to return to.  (“About the RESTORE Act”, n/d). Throughout 2012 the EPA also updated all of the United State’s air pollution standards and set stricter regulations for automobile emissions, trying to keep air pollution as low as possible (EPA History, 2017). As United States population increases, and consequently the demand for factory produced goods and transportation increases, it becomes harder to keep pollutants low, which is why the EPA is a necessity for the American people. It’s the responsibility of the EPA to monitor the air, and create new more eco-friendly technologies that don’t pose a threat to human health and welfare. During the Obama Administration, the EPA was able to make great progress regarding national parks, such as the Chesapeake Bay Executive Order, which recognizes the Chesapeake Bay as a national treasure and natural park, as well as funds the revival and protection of the nation’s largest bay and watershed (“Chesapeake Bay Executive Order”, 2016) . This order among many others protects many national parks. National parks serve as a great recreational and vacation spot, especially to tourists. In Australia, research has been done to show that nature-based tourism in their country produces a revenue of $23 billion, and helps produce over 63,000 jobs (“Why Are National Parks Important”, 2017). While there hasn’t been any specific research on nature-based tourism in the United States Many people travel to the United States to visit historically renowned national parks, and it’s a possibility that the United State’s could boost the economy and create jobs through the national parks system with more funding available. Not only are national parks economic goldmines, they hold great historical significance in the United States. National parks need to be preserved because they represent American History. Abraham Lincoln’s birthplace resides within a national park in Kentucky, and many other presidential birthplace and homes have been turned into national parks, and the homes themselves are often turned into museums to commemorate the accomplishments of the president (National Parks- Heritage Travel, 2017). The EPA ensures that these historical landmarks are preserved and can be appreciated for many future generationsThe EPA is also called to action after a natural disaster. After Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the EPA went in and tested things like air quality and water quality to ensure that when areas were ready to be repopulated, they could be done so safely (“Lessons Learned: EPA’s Response to Hurricane Katrina”, 2006). Their efforts greatly sped up the rehabilitation process throughout the southern states affected by this devastation. The EPA followed through with a similar process after Hurricane Sandy, and even more recently Hurricane Harvey. They work to assess the condition of drinking water and wastewater facilities, evaluate conditions at hazardous waste sites to ensure that any damage done hasn’t release toxic waste into the surrounding areas, as well as assist in the collection and removal of debris from buildings that may contain asbestos or other harmful chemicals. While the EPA may not be rescuing survivors from rubble, they still heavily impact the recovery process and ensure that when families can return home, their air is safe to breath and their water is clean to drink.Within the past few months, the effects of climate change on weather patterns have been evident. Several parts of the United States including the East and Gulf coast have been devastated by hurricanes and tropical storms that seemed to have appeared out of nowhere. Studies show that 2017 was the worst hurricane season in American history. Three hurricanes, Irma, Harvey, and Maria, hit the United states and and bordering countries. Climate change scientists have come to the conclusion that global climatic changes had “made a bad situation worse” regarding these storms. These storms were able to feed off of the warm waters in the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean and rapidly gain intensity before making landfall (Meyer, 2017). Wildfires have been ravaging Californian forests for over a month, while California has also recently been experiencing mudslides, causing damage to homes, lives, and the environment. Climate change is no longer an idea of the future, it is a situation that can no longer be put off, it needs to be dealt with immediately. The EPA has already made immense efforts to lower emissions and slow the effects of climate change, but if their organization loses funding, how will they be able to research new technologies to slow and reverse climate change, or regulate emissions in major cities across the country? An increase in the frequency and severity of these disasters has and will continue to present catastrophic consequences  for the environmental negligence that has occured.In 2017, the EPA as well as many other government agencies were prevented by the new Trump Administration from speaking to the public about their scientific findings. The EPA was no longer allowed to share studies and findings that prove climate change, and their website was even temporarily shut down to remove articles that the administration felt shared too much information with the American public. The majority of these articles included facts and statistics from past laws enacted to slow climate change (‘Trump Bans EPA Employees From Giving Social Media Updates”, 2017). Since the Trump Administration has made it known that they believe climate change is a myth, they do not want an agency whose only job is to prevent climate change to be able to speak on the topic. Many American citizens do not believe in the adverse effects of climate change, and maintain the thought the warming of the climate occurring today is a naturally occuring recovery period of the planet coming out of the Little Ice Age, the planet’s last particularly cold period from the 13th century to the 19th century. This argument has little to no scientific support and is merely an attempt to avoid responsibility for the destruction of the environment. Decades of research has proven that due to an increased level of carbon dioxide and other harmful pollutants being emitted into the air, global temperatures have risen drastically since the industrial revolution.  In 1798 Thomas Malthus, a renowned minister of the Church of England, published An Essay on the Principle of Population that argues that world population is growing at a rate that exceeds the power of the Earth to produce subsistence for man. Since then, society had to begin to rely on fossil fuels as a means to produce sustenance for a rapidly expanding population. The consumption of fossil fuels has been linked to nearly every environmental issue that the United States has faced in the past century. Reliance on fossil fuels as a main source of energy has instigated large amounts of atmospheric pollution leading to climatic changes. The EPA recognizes global climate change as a threat to American wellbeing, and has the goal to prevent it, but can not do so without the proper funding. The importance of the Environmental Protection Agency has become obvious. A survey conducted in Amherst, New York found that 90% of people understand the need for the EPA, and 90% believe wholeheartedly that it should receive federal funding from the government. The EPA is the United State’s only federal agency with the goal of keeping living environments for the American people safe. Without the EPA, it’s unsure whether or not basic human needs like air and water would be safe for consumption. It is time for the United States and the Trump Administration to return federal funding to the Environmental Protection Agency, and allow them to speak on climate change and no longer hide facts from the American people.