Leukemia and Lymphoma Society states, “Approximately every

Leukemia and Lymphoma Society states, “Approximately every 3 minutes one
person in the United States of America is diagnosed with a blood cancer” (Leukemia
and Lymphoma Society, 2017). One of the most well-known
blood cancer is leukemia. According to the American Cancer
Society, leukemia is a form of cancer, that starts from the bone marrow where blood cells
are made. Leukemia grouped by rate of progression – acute or
chronic as well as by type of blood cells is involved – lymphocytes or
myeloid cells. There are different symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments for
leukemia depend on the type. (American Cancer Society, 2018).

            The four major categories of leukemia include acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute
myelocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myelocytic leukemia. Chronic leukemia
may not have any or very mild signs at the begging, it develops more slowly
than acute types of leukemia which symptoms are progressed
more quickly. It is important to know the type of the blood cells that
involving in leukemia to provide proper treatment. Myelocytic leukemia
is involving myeloid stem cells, which normally become either red blood cells, platelets, or white blood cells. Lymphocytic leukemia is involving lymphoid stem cells which normally mature in
the bone marrow to become lymphoid blasts and future become into special types
of white blood cells, such as T or B lymphocytes. Those
types of leukemia
may include common symptoms such as fevers, night sweats, pain in bones
and joints, weakness and fatigue, headaches, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, bleeding and
bruising easily (American Cancer Society, 2018).

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Chronic leukemia may not need treatment in the early
stages, just regular monitoring, while acute leukemia has to be treated as soon as possible. Treatment
varies depends on the type, progression, patient overall state of health, but
there are main options: chemotherapy, radiation, stem cell transplant, surgery,
targeted therapy, biologic therapy. A physician to diagnose leukemia
will perform physical examination, personal and family history, laboratory
study of blood work, and bone marrow test. Chest x-ray is used to check if
there are enlarged lymph nodes, MRI and CT scan are used to determine the
progression of the disease. . (WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on September 26,
2017)  

Leukemia is a very dangerous disease
and can be end up badly and fatal. It is very important to catch the early
symptoms, to be diagnosed and get quick and appropriate treatment.

 

 

 

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