From transport is a very important service

From
the beginning of history, human activities has revealed an urge for mobility
leading to a measure of Society’s progress. The history of this mobility or
transport is the history of civilization. For any country to develop with right
momentum modern and efficient Transport as a basic infrastructure is a must. It
has been seen throughout the history of any nation that a proper, extensive and
efficient Road Transport has played a major role. The commuters perform one of
the most important activities, at every stage of advanced civilization. Where
roads are considered as veins and arteries of a nation, passenger and goods
transported are likened to blood in circulation. Transport is the essential
convenience with which people not just connect but progress. Throughout
history, people’s progress has been sustained on the convenience, speed and
safety of the modes of transport. Road transport occupies a primary place in today’s
world as it provides services unparalleled by any other contemporary mode of
transport.

 

India’s transport
sector is large and diverse as it caters to the transport needs of 1.3 billion
people. The sector contribution to the nation’s GDP, with road transportation
having a major share of it as said earlier. As the urban population and income
increases, demand for key services such as transportation, water, sewage
treatment, and low income housing will increase manifold in cities of every
size and type. Amongst
various urban services, urban transport is a very important service for the
overall development of the country. Urban transport provides mobility of people
and goods and access to employment, education, shopping, health, entertainment
opportunities. It also affects the income levels of people, land values and
environment. In nutshell, it determines the quality of life in an area.

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Urban mobility
plays a vita role as cities are referred to as the ‘engines of economic growth’.
Despite having only about 30% of the total population, nearly 62-63%, of
India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) comes from the urban areas. Future growth
is also likely to concentrate primarily on the urban areas, and its estimated
contribution to GDP is likely to reach 75% by 20301.
Hence, anything that constrains the smooth functioning of cities has the
potential to constrain India’s economic growth. In present scenario Indian
cities are encountered with various problems related to transportation and
aren’t able to perform to their fullest potential. This can be because of
various reasons, rapid motorization being the primary. This paper will analyze
the trends which are influencing the mobility in urban India. The report mainly
discusses the impact of rapid motorization in detail.    

 

 

Trends
influencing the Urban mobility

 

We know that
mobility will increase as more people and goods move across towns and across
the world. By 2030, annual passenger traffic will exceed 80 trillion
passenger-kilometers which is a 50 percent increase compared to 2015; global
freight volumes will grow by 70 percent compared to 2015 and an additional 1.2
billion cars will be on the road which is double the today’s total2.Meeting
growing aspirations for mobility has the potential to improve the lives and
livelihoods of billions of people, their health, their environment, and their
quality of life and can have a positive impact on the much spoken global
warming. But the future of mobility can also go in another direction. It can
give rise to inequalities in economic and social advancement, promote fossil
fuel use, degrade the environment, and add to the number of deaths from
transport-related accidents and air pollution.

1High
Powered Expert Committee, 2011

2
Urban Mobility Report,2017

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