Drew settlers were on the boat for

Drew Hussar6-1Mr. CondrickJanuary 22, 2018Thesis In my opinion, a movie about Jamestown would be more accurate if the movie depicted things based on actual historically accurate accounts. In the first episode, you will see how the natives and settlers lived their life day to day and what they did for fun. The second episode will consist of some of the earlier interactions between the two groups and how they got along early on. A third will be the winter of 1609-1610, which is known as the starving time, where most of the English population in Jamestown died of starvation or disease. Lastly, some of the major conflicts that happen between the Powhatan Indians (the name of the tribe) and Englishmen will be in episode 4. These two groups battled different monsters at the same time. This is the story of some of the more important pieces of it.Episode 1: Ways of life for the settlers and Native Americans The settlers had a rough time on the boat and off it in a new land. The settlers were on the boat for almost four months and were very eager to get off it eating stale bread and bad meat for meals. Between the three ships when they left, they had 105 passengers and 39 crew members. The Susan Constant had 71 passengers, the Godspeed 52, and the Discovery had 21. They found a reasonable spot to dock (Jamestown) on May 13, 1607. The settlers were all men and boys, they had brought no women with them. The settlers were sent by The London Company; a business corporation in England. The company told the settlers that they should look for gold and any other valuables that they could find. The instructions from the London Company were “When it shall please God to send you on the coast of Virginia you shall do you best endeavour to find out a safe fort in the entrance of some navigable river making choice of such a one as runneth furthest into the land, and if you happen to discover divers diverse portable navigable rivers and amongst them any one that hath two main branches if the difference be not great make choice of that which bendeth most towards the northwest for that way shall you soonest find the other sea.” Instead of finding gold and valuable they found sicknesses and disease that killed most of their population. The Powhatan Indians had lived in America long before the settlers got there. The natives were made of 30 some odd tribal groups, with an overall population of around 14,000. Their leader was Wahunsonacock, who was sometimes referred to as Powhatan. The natives lived in houses made from sapling frames covered with reed mats or bark. Houses that were near each other made up of villages, and neighboring villages made up one of the 30 tribes. The natives were very good farmers and hunters. The women planted and grew corn, beans, squash, and more. The women also helped collect wild plants that were edible, make clothes from deerskin, and prepare the food. The men hunted deer and fished. The Powhatan traded with the settlers, the natives would give the Englishmen food, and in return, they would give them hatchets and copper. In their free time, the Indians would find entertainment in the form of sports, games, music, and dancing. One of the more popular sports that the natives played was lacrosse. Different tribes had different traditional forms of entertainment. When the settlers came, they diffidently disrupted the life of the natives.Episode 2: Early interactions between the settlers and Native Americans The very first interactions the settlers had with the Powhatan Indians was when the settlers got off their boat. They anchored near and elbow fo beach that the settlers named Cape Henry in honor of Henry, the king’s oldest son. The Englishmen sent a group of mariners to go and explore the new land. “We could find nothing worth the speaking of, but fair meadows and goodly tall trees, with such fresh water running through the woods,” wrote one of the mariners, George Percy. On their way back to ship from exploring, they were attacked by the natives. They came “creeping upon all fours… like bears with their bows in their mouths,” but when “they felt the sharpness of our shot, they retired into the woods with a great noise.” The very first interaction between the settlers and natives was this.Another one of the first interactions between the settlers and natives was when John Smith was captured by the natives. He was taken to Werowocomoco where he was greeted by Powhatan, king of the Indians. He was lying proudly upon a bedstead a foot high ten or twelve mats and looked very majestic in the eyes of John Smith. Once John Smith had entered, he was greeted by Powhatan with welcoming words. He was then given many plates full of various foods that were ripe and sweet. John Smith was then assured of their friendship with the natives and was asked questions including, why did you come? Powhatan promised John Smith that he would be freed from the Native’s land in four days and that he would feed the settlers if they were willing to give the natives hatchets and copper. Episode 3: The Starving Time The starving time was started when the settlers demanded more food from the natives, who had to feed them well up until this point in time. The problem was a drought was in Virginia, so the natives couldn’t acquire as much as they could of in the past. This drought was the beginning of the starving time, which lasted the winter of 1609-1610, where nearly ¾ of the English settlers died of starvation or diseases. John Smith had recently left for England so he was not there to witness the starving time. He counted the food in the storerooms before he left and said, “ten weeks provisions in the stores.” He assumed that the natives would continue giving the settlers corn as they had done in the past, and the settlers had hens, chickens, goats, pigs, and Jamestown was full of deer, rabbit, and squirrel. John Smith seemed to think that there would be enough food to last the setters through the winter, and somehow, it didn’t. Captain George Percy, who had become governor since John Smith left, wrote, “the settlers felt the sharp prick of hunger which no man can truly describe but he who hath tasted the bitterness thereof.” Some historians say the Starving Time was a war that was fought between the settlers and the natives. Powhatan may have decided to starve the settlers to get rid of them. He accomplished this by not trading with them. He laid siege to Jamestown with a group of armed Indians around the circle of Englishmen who wouldn’t let any settlers in or out. This resulted in the Englishmen not being able to hunt, fish, or get to the storeroom with all their other food. Only 60 men survived out of the 500 hundred that John Smith had left them with. This was the starving time. Episode 4: Major Conflicts between the settlers and the Native Americans The peace between the settlers and natives sadly didn’t last long. They had had smaller arguments that were always resolved quickly, but somehow the bigger ones didn’t follow that pattern. The peace between the Englishmen and the natives was brought upon them by the marriage between Pocahontas and John Rolfe on April 5, 1614. In 1622, the peace ended in 1622, when Opechancanough, the chief of the natives and older brother to Powhatan, planned an attack on the settlers because he was tired of the English on his land. Luckily, the English in Jamestown avoided the attack due to a warning from a small Powhatan boy who was living with the English. About 350-400 of the 1,200 settlers died in the attack. After the attack, the natives withdrew and waited for the English to learn their lesson and leave. This one attack leads to ten years of fighting between the two groups, which is known as the first Powhatan war. The war lasted until peace fell over the settlers and natives in 1632. Yet again, after 12 years of peace with the Englishmen, Opechancanough was still not happy that the settlers were on his land, and that he had to give up a good chunk of his people’s food for the 8,000 settlers that remained from the first attack. He attacks planned another attack on the English settlement which had nearly the same resulted as the last one. 350-400 of the 8,000 Englishmen were killed and the natives retreated again. This attack broke the peace that had lasted for 12 years and put the two groups to war again with each other. However, this war lasted a much shorter time, only two years, because, in 1644, Opechancanough was captured by the settlers and killed by a guard against orders. Opechancanough’s death ultimately brought an end to the Powhatan Chiefdom and it was diminished to tributary status. His successor signed some of the earlier treaties with the settlers, which made the natives subjects of the Englishmen. These were the first and second Powhatan Wars.


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