Continuing as there are kinds of cities.

 Continuing off of those
points, Plato has an argument that cities come to be certain ways because of
the ways that the people are as I mentioned before and if that’s true then
there must be as many kinds of people as there are kind of cities. Therefore,
there are as many kinds of people as there are kinds of cities. This is where I
have a problem with Plato’s argument. I believe that even if cities have their
characteristics because of the type of people that live in them, the number of
kinds of cities don’t add up to the number of kinds of people. Cities can have
mixtures of people. With my argument, I make Plato’s second premise deemed
false. My thought process for this is that there can be cities that have a
variety of people, but it could be people who repeat the same qualities as another
city, therefore, the number of cities and people are not equal. For example, if
you have three cities; City A, City B, and City C. City A are filled with only
nice people, City B is filled with bad people and City C is filled with bad and
good people. This means that there are two kinds of people (bad and good), but
only three cities. Therefore, Plato’s second premise would be false, making his
conclusion false and his argument no longer valid. This argument would
successful against Plato because the reasons above would be valid enough to
prove that Plato’s second premise would be false. Again, because of the mixture
in cities, they can have people who repeat the same qualities over and over
again making the number of cities outnumber the kinds of people. The only way
that Plato’s argument could be real is if each city had a unique aspect and did
not repeat characteristics between people. Take the example I just used, if
instead of City C having a mixture of bad and good people, it consists of
average people then his theory would be correct, but in most cases, I believe
that each city will always have a mixture of people because of characteristics
that humans share with one another.

In conclusion, throughout my paper, I talked about Republic by Plato and his comments and
argument in chapter eight of this book. I answered and explained two of Plato’s
main questions which were: What is justice? And what leads to democracy? I
touched upon some features where Plato’s talks about how they help make the
city just such as wives must be in common, children and all their education
must be in common as well as that sex is only restricted by the rulers. When a
mother is in childbearing years, the rulers can decide who can have sex with
who and after they complete that, anything except incest would be allowed.
Following the definition of a just city of man, Plato and Socrates listed five
cities where he believed each of the cities had their own type of people which
made the city how it was such as democratic, tyranny and oligarchic.  Plato’s argument was as followed: Cities come
to be certain ways because of the ways their individual people are. If that’s
true, then there must be as many kinds of people as there are kinds of cities.
So, there are as many kinds of people as there are kinds of cities. As I
mentioned in my paper, I did not agree with his argument and came up with an
objection to it and why it would succeed against Plato. My argument was:  if you have three cities; City A, City B, and
City C. City A are filled with only nice people, City B is filled with bad
people and City C is filled with bad and good people. This means that there are
two kinds of people (bad and good), but only three cities. This argument is
fairly straightforward and simple, but it gets to the point that there can be
cities that have a mixture of people and that not all cities have as many kinds
of people. Making Plato’s premise 2 false and his argument no longer valid
since the premises do not add up to the conclusion. My objection is strong and
although there can be objections against it by many people, I believe that it
would withhold them and still be strong enough to be a true threat to Plato’s
argument because of real-world examples we have today with different kinds of
people and the number of cities. Although not every person is the same, the
share mutual characteristics or personality traits that enable them to be
classified as the same type of person and undermine the fact that there could
be fewer people than there are kinds of cities.

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