Circuses Astley how to make Cavalry crossword

Circuses

Everybody loves
circuses the lights, music, costumes, tricks, animals, etc. especially the
animals they are the best part! Maybe most of you all know what happens behind
those curtains, those “amazing tricks” aren’t so amazing to teach the animals.
Let me just say there’s even torture tools that are used especially for the
animals.

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When was the circus created and who invented it?

To
start off with, the circus was first created in England by Philip Astley on
January 8, 1752; in Newcastle-under-Lyme England. Astley was. A six feet tall former
sergeant-major and former Calvary that became a showman, also a man that served
in the Seven Years War from 1756-1763, many proclaimed he was an clever man, and
in war but also mainly on breaking horses and becoming their trainer. He was
seen by a man who was a celebrated riding and fencing master. Going by the name
of Domingo Angelo, he decided to teach Astley how to make Cavalry crossword in
battle better, later this will become useful for his shows. He was discharged
on June 21,1766 and returned to Lambeth with a partner who later became his
wife and after all his years in war, he purchased a land named as “Hoover’s Half
Penny Hatch” in Surry County, it’s located towards South London, he then
started riding school. Astley taught horseback riding in the morning and
performed in the afternoon but mainly during the summer. Mainly he just used
horses and got them to use feign death, fire a pistol, and perform “mind
reading tricks”. When Astley did his performances, he had the audience set up
in a circular arena because it was easier to see and for the performers to get
around, the word circular is why it’s called circus. Astley named his rootless
place “Astley’s Riding House” and added a stronger wooden structure so everyone
was protected from the London weather. The clowns were later added by the
Elizabeth Theatre, and they would do many other stunts, the clowns were a
symbol of a “modern circus”. Astley opened the first circus in Paris it was the
Amphitheatre Anglos in 1782 around this time is when Astley started becoming
very successful and wanted a more popular audience. The year the circus was
originally born, people had different opinions about it, some even said it was
a freak show calling it a freak show because it included other equestrians,
acrobats, rope dancers, aerialists, and clowns.

When and where did the circus come to America?

The circus first moved
into America in 1825 because of an entrepreneur named Joshua Purdy Brown doing
away with the usual construction that Philip Astley, and instead used a full
canvas tent which now a day everyone knows by. And when the circus first came
to the United States it was in New York, Brown had a dealer named Hachaliah
Bailey and purchased a baby elephant, which later went around the country with
very successful performances. (elephant pictured on the left named Jumbo). Later
after performing with elephant, Brown used other exotic animals. When the first
American circus started it was a runned by a business man that had very
different models than the first European circuses. in 1871, Phineas Taylor Barnum
was in association with circus entrepreneur William Cameron Corp. and Barnum
created a museum, Menagerie and Circus, here they showed people unusual things
about humans, this became a sideshow for the American circus. The year 1872 is
when they had to make another circus ring because it was the most known entertainment
in the country with Barnum and Corp’s enterprise the leading circus.

Who are the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circus?

            The Ringling Brothers was founded in
1884 in Baraboo, Wisconsin, with five Ringling brothers, Albert, Otto, Alfred, Charles,
John, August and Henry. Adding many side shows for the circus and traveled in
the U.S. Midwest, and what made the shows expanded very quickly was their elephant
in 1888, this when they began using their circus wagons and railway cars so
they could go farther faster with no problem. The Barnum & Bailey circus is
the Ringling Bros. biggest competition around this time, they would always
purchase another circus which made them expand. But then in 1906 the Ringling
Bros. were able to purchase the Barnum & Bailey circus which made them the
only spontaneous circus in the world. After one of the Ringling bros. death in
1926, the oldest son Charles who had ran the circus for ten years, John took
over and bought the American Corp in 1929 and was controlling eleven more
circuses in the United States. This circus had grown so much it was at a
seating capacity of ten-thousand people, but in 1936 unhappily the Ringling
family most their company after John passed away. Therefore, the Ringling Bros.
decided to sell the company and sold it to the Feld family also keeping the
Ringling Museum of the Circus in Sarasota, Florida and the World Museum in
Baraboo, Wisconsin where a lot of the original props and wagons are held at to
show the public.

Animal torture

Now the terrible part,
sure everyone enjoyed these circuses, but they don’t know all the terrible things
that happen so the animals may perform those “crazy stunts”. Literally dragging
baby elephants from their mothers and making them stand for twenty-three hours
straight, for at least six months or longer. And what were these baby elephants
held down with? These super tight ropes that would cut their skin and make them
bleed leaving these awful cuts. There’s have even been former employees that
have come out ton tell the terrible stories that happen behind the curtain. One
of the tools that they use, yes, they even have tools for them, it’s the Bull
hook which is used to punish and control the elephants. Basically, it is a sharp
steel hook used to beat and harm the elephants sometimes until they bleed and
the main spot they used it on was in the back of their ear with is the one of
the sensitive parts of their body. Other places are inside the ear, mouth under
the chin on a place called the anus and around their feet the very sensitive
spots, which well of course will get them to do anything but also make them
bleed. Maybe you’re thinking to yourself that this was just once in a while or
only when they don’t listen, no, this was a daily thing, a former employee told
Peta.org. but so the bleeding will stop during the show the Ringling Bros. buy
this powder called ‘spot work’ used to make the spots of blood from the
elephants not noticable. Another common tool used to injure the elephants is
called the electro shock, the baby elephants would get this straight to his
head and cause a lot of damage in their head. These animals would travel nonstop
in these boxcars for at least days in either the really cold or really hot
weather. Elephants aren’t the only animals that get mistreated and tortured in
the circus, but also another main animal is the big cats. With the big cats the
tools used to harm them are the long goads, prods/ whips to force them to move
the way the trainer wants them to stay away from a human or animal. The trainers
make the big cats scared of them so when calling out commands and forcing them,
the big cats know to listen or they will be punished. A professional animal
trainer for twenty- five years, named Jay Pratte observed the animals while
they were in their cages and stated the big cats were mentally sick because they
were pacing back and forth in their cages and were “blanked out” and this happens
when they’re too stressed, literally shutting out the world. As far as their
physical health, on their lower back side, these animals had stabbings where
the hair wouldn’t grow anymore, and a lot of them were overweight which can
cause “organ failure, arthritis, respetory issues and heart disease”. Limping was
another problem the animals had, mainly because they were trying to avoid
painful joints, because of standing too long. Living on the concrete and hard
floors, the cats would get cracked paws, the trainers would wet the floor and
it would remain wet for a long time which caused the cracks to dry out and this
would become really painful. These animals were treated so bad under the care
of the circus, and all for our entertainment.

                                                                                    Conclusion

On May 7, 2017 was
the last show for the Ringling bros and Barnum and bailey circus. the Feld
company said they were stopping the circus because of the “declining ticket
sales” and a lot of illegal battles they had to face because of the animal
rights group. The circus could be entertaining but I bet not a lot of people
really thought about the animals. Everyone just wants to be entertained and see
the animals perform these unnatural acts that actually really injure them. These
animals should be in the wild not in cages being tortured and even killed. The stunts
in the circus are terrible and a lot of people in the world would pay to see that
and contribute to the circus. Now just because the Ringling Bros. and Barnum
& Bailey circus shut down doesn’t mean there no more animal abuse on the circus,
there’s still more out there using animals. If anyone wants to be entertained
there are other circuses that don’t use animals that you could attend to please
don’t support the others that hurt the animals.

 

 

 

 

Citations

Jando,
Dominique. “SHORT HISTORY OF THE CIRCUS.” CIRCUS SHORT HISTORY,
www.circopedia.org/SHORT_HISTORY_OF_THE_CIRCUS.

 

Brooke,
Bob. “Step Right up!” History Magazine, Mar. 2007,
www.history-magazine.com/circuses.html.

 

The
Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Ringling Brothers.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica,
Inc., 17 Jan. 2017, www.britannica.com/topic/Ringling-Brothers.

 

“How
PETA Took Down Circus Giant Ringling Bros.” PETA, www.peta.org/features/ringling/.

https://www.peta2.com/vegan-life/circus-abuse-tools/

 

Schelling, Ameena. “BREAKING: Ringling Bros.
Circus Will Shut Down Forever.” The Dodo, The Dodo, 15 Jan.
2017, www.thedodo.com/ringling-bros-circus-close-down-2182308918.html.

 

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