As population.The history and reason behind the

As you wonder around Leicester, you’ll notice the distinctive array of cultures; the colourful clothes; the delicious food; the unique religious buildings and the vast diversity of languages. Melton Road and Belgrave Road, also known as “The Golden Mile”, as a countless number of Indian restaurants, jewellery and colourful sari shops. This is an example of one of the pronounced “little India’s of Britain” or “Britain’s very own Indian Bazaar”, other places include, Harrow and Southall in London, Hyson Green, Nottingham, and Handsworth, Birmingham etc. Currently, around 54% of people living in Leicester are first-generation migrants or second-generation migrants, who have a strong and diverse history and culture; a culture that shapes the Leicester we know today. Some migrants have been here for decades a result of the Indian and Pakistan world war 2 resettlement boom while others migrated to the UK more recently, in a search for a better and more economically stable life. In turn, Leicester is currently the first UK city where ethnic minority groups will make up the majority of the population.The history and reason behind the relatively recent emergence in this beautiful multicultural city dates all the way back to the 1940`s, when India affirmed its independence from the British Empire under the Indian Independence Act. The Congress Party and Muslim League had also agreed to part Northern India, in 1947, the parting was biased upon supposed or perceived religious lines. As a result, India and Pakistan were then established as two separate countries with India taking the predominantly Hindu districts and the more Muslim areas were allocated to Pakistan. This division, unsurprisingly caused a significant amount of discomfort and upset, especially amongst the people in the Northern Punjab where people of all three religions affected (Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus) had previously all lived together in harmony. Over 10 million people were subject to dislocation and inter-communal violence which saw the loss more than 1 million lives, and sadly the tensions still prevalent in the region today.After the end of World War 2 in 1945, the UK faced severe labour shortages in factories, public transport and the newly established NHS, jobs were plentiful and as a result, the government encouraged and advertised jobs to people from the British Commonwealth to move to the United Kingdom. This then lead to the British Government passing The Nationally Act in 1948 which had allowed Commonwealth citizens the right to move to the UK. Initially, tens of thousands of migrants, most of which were men, from the west-indies, India and Pakistan moved to England, particularly to London, but also to Leicester, in areas such as Spinney Hill and Belgrave, where affordable housing was and still is available, therefore it still remains a hotspot for immigrants coming into the country. Leicester has since become a host to a stunning number of ethnic minorities, who are able to thrive without fear of racism and xenophobia.  Leicester is a place where all cultural backgrounds are catered for, with the 55 mosques, 18 Hindu temples, 9 Sikh gurudwaras, 2 synagogues, 2 Buddhist centres and 1 Jain centre, no religion or ethnic background is overseen. These sacred places of worship are seen not as a recipe for conflict but rather as a badge of honour and pride, which symbolise not only acceptance but love for all.  This gives a brief insight into why mass migration to a particular city, like Leicester took place, and why this trend continued. Others considering migration to the UK see Leicester as arguably, “a home away from home”, as it resembles everything they had loved back in their country of origin, like their culture, religion, community, food etc. but in a new, different, more economically and politically stable country, where they are more able to find a better job, with better pay and better Employment rights in place.  With India being the place of origin for the majority of immigrants living in Leicester, taking a looking at their demographic and economic statistics could also help emphasise reasons why immigration from India to the UK takes places. As India is an emerging economy, and the UK is a high-Income country with a developed economy, the two countries differ from each other dramatically. Figure one is an indication of social cohesion and acknowledgement of ethnic minorities.  As the level of international migration has increased, a cultural mosaic of people from different ethnicities has evolved across the country, and the UK`s relative homogeneity allowed for a more heterogeneous mix of people. Leicester now has more processions, celebrations and festivals compared to than any other city in the UK, due to the sheer size and mix of its ethnic community. In all, Leicester diverse population hail from over 50 countries from across the globe, making the city one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse places in the UK.The debates on immigration- what are the pull factors to the UK and more specifically Leicestershire? Why do immigrants choose to move to the UK?Many South Asian migrants came to the UK after 1947 for a multitude of different reasons, like to seek better economic opportunities or even join family members who have already settled here.  Now, in the 2010`s reasons for migrating to the UK aren’t too different; people still settle here for the economic opportunities, better standards of living, safety and studying, amongst other reasons. The migration observatory notes/Figure 2 shows that the UK’s labour market is the most significant draw or pull factor for migrants from both within the EU and from outside the EU, as it attracts them to start a better more stable life in the UK. It has been suggested that economic growth and the 

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