A to a visual experience. Donne’s imagery

A very recognized poet,
John Donne, is mostly known for his remarkable use of literary elements to
allow his audience not only to enjoy reading his poems but also to introduce
them into ideas and spiritual messages. In his poems “Holy Sonnet 14”,
“Valediction Forbidding Mourning”, and “The Flea”, Donne applies a diverse set
of literary elements. Donne uses biblical allusions, imagery, and metaphysical
conceits in these poems to evoke the audience’s attention influence and
validate his beliefs and opinions for others to foresee.

  In Donne’s poems “Holy Sonnet 14” and “The
Flea”, he displays biblical allusions to establish a strong relationship with
the audience. Most of the time, writers include biblical allusions to persuade
and convince their audience that their message should be valued and credible
because most readers during his time had a religious faithful connection. The
praying speaker invites God to “batter” his heart (line 1). This may seem like
a fortuitous desire, but the speaker acknowledges that to be created “new” God
needs to “break, blow, burn” him, a reference to Malachi 3:2-3, where God is a
refiner of metals, in control of the fire that outlines the lives of disciples.
In addition to having obvious biblical allusions in “Holy Sonnet 14”, Donne
writes a compelling poem, The Flea, that involves biblical allusions as well:
“And in this flea our two bloods mingled be” (Line 4). The speaker infers that
the flea has literally made their two fleshes into one, comparing it to
marriage where “a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall be cleaved
unto his wife and they shall be one flesh” references to Genesis 2:24.The
speaker’s motives are clear as he is trying to persuade his lady that giving up
her virginity would have no humiliation under the holy prosperity given by the
flea. These two poems have allusions that connect the audience on a spiritual
level.

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Also, in Donne’s poems
“Valediction Forbidding Mourning” and “Holy Sonnet 14” use imagery to take
advantage of the readers’ senses and create and develop a strong imagination
theme of his works. Commonly, imagery is applied grasp the reader’s attention
to a visual experience.  Donne’s imagery
reveals his capability of intellectual character. In “Holy Sonnet 14”, done
writes “Divorce me, untie or break that knot again, Take me to you, imprison
me” (Lines 11 & 12) to infer that he is trapped into a marriage with God’s
enemy. He begs God to imprison him because he declares that that is the only
way he can truly be free until God purses him. This imagery allows the reader
to comprehend that the speaker is longing for liberty, and creates sympathy for
the speaker. In Donne’s “Valediction Forbidding Mourning”, he applies imagery
to display his tone of compassion and comfort while reassuring his beloved not
to worry about their time apart. The speaker says that he doesn’t want to part
ways with “tear-floods” and “sigh-tempests” which will only
make his departure more depressing. This use of imagery is still trying to
refer to use of nature that Donne begins the poem with, however, these
exaggerations give the audience an image of a storm occurring as the couple
parts ways. Donne’s imagery tells his readers how meaningful his poems are and give
a dramatic tone that ultimately keeps the audience’s attention.

Biblical allusions and
imagery are not the only devices that Donne uses in his poems to grasp the
readers’ attention. He also uses conceits to make a complex understanding of an
object while creating a deeper meaning of the theme. In “Valediction Forbidding
Mourning”, the author creates a comparison of his love to a compass. Donne
justifies that his wife is like the midpoint, “fixed” foot of the
compass that remains entrenched while the other flies away. It stays right
there, maintaining balance and confidence in the circle. In addition, “it
leans” after the other foot. (27 & 32) In Donne’s  poem “The Flea”,  he uses a conceit between a household flea
and the hardships of young romance to expand the speaker’s argument for a young
woman to give up her virginity. , “And in this flea, our two bloods
mingled be;” the flea is representative of the two having intercourse and
the blood being merged (line 4).  Donne
tries to pursue his audience’s attention by making an uncomfortable and
memorable visualization. Most of the time a flea is seen as dirty and
filthy,  which is very random to suggest
sexuality with a bug that is connected with disease and contamination.  To add a passionate attitude Donne uses
conceits in relation to infatuation in his poems through the aspects of
imagery.

Donne’s use precise use
of literary elements sets him above other well-known poets. His intellectual
writing and metaphysical poetry secure a supportive audience throughout and
after his entire career. Donne stresses the significance of companionship,
religious connections, and his yearning for love through the use of different
devices. Donne uses of literary elements such as metaphysical conceits,
imagery, and biblical allusions create elements of astonishment and curiosity
develops a profound understanding of Donne’s emotions that are conveyed
throughout his poetry.  A deep connection
with his audience is then established that allows the reader’s attention to be
grasped.

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