The
work presented in this report provides an account of a research study of a
limited scope. The study was conducted in Ethekwini Metropolitan Municipality
located in the province of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa (www.ethekwini.gov.za). The
area of the study has various infrastructure critical to basic needs. These
will include electrified households, schools, roads, health care centre (within
2km radius) and other social amenities like churches. There is piped water and street
lights. The sanitation project was completed in 2013 by the municipality (www.ethekwini.gov.za)

The
theme of the study is sustainability, development policy, practice and
development. The research explores challenge of illegal dumping practice and
the effect it has in the neighbourhood(www.imnepal.com). Illegal dumping falls
within the broader concept of household solid waste management. The identified  problem emanates hugely from household solid
waste which is discarded on a slope that feeds into a ravine. It is impossible
to ignore the long term effects of inappropriate waste disposal methods on the
environment.  

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The
interest to the topic is that studies carried out within the municipality focussed
primarily on urban areas and private properties Abel, (2011).  Therefore the question of waste management
trends in Rural-Traditional areas of this metro has to be discovered.

The
study aims to gain a better understanding of why do residents dump. The
question of why is fundamental in this context because the municipality
provides a waste  collection service once
a week (www.ethekwini.gov). Lastly the study intends to gain insights on the
municipal policies relating to waste management and education. This aspect is
crucial in the formulation of appropriate programmes to correct behaviour of
residents.

The
report is organised into six chapters. 
The first chapter is titled introduction. It introduces the research
topic, objectives and summarises methodology and the entire research process.
The second chapter is literature review and theoretical framework. An attempt is
made to provide for theory and practical perspectives of the study. Subsequent
chapters speaks to background of the topic, research design and methodology.
The final chapter presents the findings, challenges and recommendations as they
relate to the identified research objectives. 

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